Forklift Safety Training
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1. Did you watch the YouTube video titled "Forklift Operator Safety Training" prior to taking this quiz?
You must view the YouTube video titled "Forklift Operator Safety Training" prior to receiving your certification (even if you received a passing score on this quiz).
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2. Where can I find the forklift load capacity?
A forklift's maximum capacity is the maximum rated load it is allowed to lift for a given forklift and attachment configuration. The stated capacity of a forklift only applies to the load center indicated on the load capacity data plate. If the load’s center of gravity is not centered at the specified position, the forklift's capacity will be reduced.
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3. Never exceed the rated load and ensure it is stable and balanced.
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4. Changing the load center changes the load capacity.
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5. You don't have to wear the seatbelt on the forklift.
The purpose of the forklift seat belt is to rob the operator of their most instinctual reaction; to jump away from the tipping forklift. Workers panic when they’re inside a tipping forklift and believe they are better off trying to get away from it.
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6. When driving a forklift, you should watch for _______.
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7. If a tip-over occurs:
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8. If the Forklift is loaded, you should drive forward up an incline.
When your operators are traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline. This would include going up or down the ramp. If the operator is not able to see (going up the ramp) then a spotter should be utilized. It is important that both the operator and the spotter are in visual contact at all times. The forks should be raised enough to safely clear the grade.
When traveling in reverse the operator should be using 360 degrees of visibility at all times. Being aware of other equipment and pedestrians is paramount. They should use low gear and slow speed. When carrying a heavy load on grade, the forklift must be able to safely stop.
When your operators are traveling without a load, the forks should be pointed down the incline. This would include going up or down the ramp. The forks should be raised enough to safely clear the grade. They should use low gear and slow speed.
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9. Differences between Forklifts and Automobiles includes which of the following:
Forklifts use rear-wheel steering because the front wheels bear the load of whatever is being carried. Due to this feature, forklifts behave differently than modern sedans when it comes to turning or steering. You cannot take turns too quickly, as this action can put the forklift at risk of a tip-over or spilled load. Operators must also account for rear-end swing when turning, as the large and heavy counterweight swings out behind the forklift. Failure to account for this can cause damage to equipment and harm to pedestrians.
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10. Even well-trained industrial truck drivers with many years of safe driving experience can make an error if they allow their emotions to get the best of them.
Driving a forklift requires the operator’s undivided attention. When thousands of pounds of steel are careening down an aisle carrying pallets that can often obstruct the driver’s vision, even a momentary lapse of focus can have tragic consequences.
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11. The truck operator does not have to pay much attention to utilities such as wiring, piping, sprinkler heads, or electrical boxes.
Check your overhead clearance. Keep the truck at least 10 feet from any overhead electrical wires. Watch for overhead obstructions like pipes and low doors. If they are hit while moving, a lift truck can tip over.
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12. Other personnel are always aware of your presence and will watch out for you.
The operator of the forklift truck is responsible for operating in a safe manner; this includes avoiding all pedestrians in the work area. Always face the direction of travel. Pedestrians use the same roadway, so sound the horn at intersections and blind spots. Watch for people in the work area because they may not watch for the forklift, even if there are warning lights and/or alarms. If it is determined that they may not see the lift truck, do not move until eye contact is made. Make people stand back, even if the lift truck is stopped. Pedestrians may not understand that the lift truck has rear steering and there are visibility restrictions. If the view is blocked because of the load, travel backwards. If the lift truck must move forward, make sure that people are out of the way and move the lift truck slowly. Use a spotter to help you. If the spotter or a clear path of travel is not visible, don’t move the lift truck. Watch for employees working in the same area. Don’t let anyone walk under raised forks or load. If given a load to handle and someone is required to hold or position the load while the lift truck is moving – STOP. There is something wrong. If unable to handle the load alone, change the load or the equipment. Otherwise, someone will eventually be hurt badly. Don’t take this risk. Find a better way to move the load.
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13. The operator should know what materials are being handled, how much it weighs, and how high it should be stacked.
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14. It is permissible to let another person operate your truck if they say they know how.
Workers must be trained and certified to operate forklifts on the job. Workers must drive only the types of trucks for which they’ve received certification.
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15. It is a common practice to go up a ramp with the forks and the load up front.
Loaded forklifts must be driven with the load pointed up the ramp (good standard practice is to ALWAYS drive with the load pointed up the ramp or slope). Raise levels should be limited to the minimum height necessary for ground clearance.
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16. Smoking is permissible in refueling areas providing you see no leaking fuel.
Smoking or any other sources of ignition are prohibited in the designation refueling area. Avoid spilling gas or overflowing the tank during refueling. Replace the cap securely, flush down any spilled fuel and allow it to completely evaporate before restarting the engine.
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17. When loading a highway truck or trailer, its wheels should be checked or blocked even though the driver says the brakes are set.
Before entering the trailer, check the wheels of the trailer. If the trailer is attached to a vehicle, the brakes should be on, and the tires blocked. If a trailer is not attached to a vehicle, check to see if fixed jacks are required to keep the trailer from tilting or upending once the forklift enters it. When moving a load, make sure the load is centered on the forks, and the mast is tilted back, so the load is stabilized.
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18. Under no condition should anyone be permitted under elevated forks or loads.
Never stand near or under loaded forklift tines/forks. Forklifts can drop their load or knock over a stack of materials, causing a possible caught/crush injury. Always wait until a forklift is idle and the parking brake is ON, before entering an active forklift working zone.
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19. If they ask, maintenance or repair people may be lifted on the forks to reach their work.
No riders are permitted on forklift. A person may not ride or be elevated on the forks of a lift truck or pallet jack without the use of a safety platform.
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20. If you are not able to see because of a large load in front of you, it is better to drive backwards than to try and see around it on one side.
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21. Repairs to industrial trucks should be made only by personnel trained and authorized to make them.
Unless qualified, the operator should not attempt to make any repairs. Only qualified and authorized personnel are permitted to maintain, repair, and adjust forklift trucks.
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22. Not observing the “rear end swing” is a probable cause for a majority of damage to finished goods.
Forklift trucks steer from the rear axle and pivot on the front wheels, the rear end (counterweight) swinging wide when turning. Ensure that the rear end swings clear of materials, racks equipment and pedestrians when rounding corners or maneuvering in aisle and tight places.
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23. Operators must face the direction in which the machine is traveling.
The operator of the forklift truck is responsible for operating in a safe manner; this includes avoiding all pedestrians in the work area. Always face the direction of travel.
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24. Operators should check their trucks at the beginning of each shift.
When using a forklift, workers should begin by performing basic safety checks on the components of the forklift, including the fluids, tires, controls, warning devices, seating, brakes and mast forks.
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25. When parking your truck, make sure forks are left high enough to clear obstructions.
A forklift should always be parked in the following manner:
When a forklift is fully disabled, the operator can turn off the machine and remove the key. At this point, the forklift is parked, and the operator can get down from the lift.
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26. It is permissible to overload the truck by 25 percent if additional counterweights are used.
Never overload a forklift truck as it's an accident waiting to happen. Know the capacity of your forklift and any attachments being used and never exceed this capacity. An overloaded vehicle can cause the rear tires to be raised off the ground and may cause the forklift to tip over.
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