Lockout Tagout Safety Training
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1. Did you watch the YouTube video titled "Master Lock OSHA Lockout Tagout” AND "LOTO Lockout Tagout Electrical & Mechanical Training Video" prior to taking this quiz?
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2. Applying only a tag on a control switch de-energizes equipment.
Placing a physical locking mechanism on either the electrical supply cord or the place where the machinery is plugged in is absolutely necessary when using lockout/tagout procedures. Then a tag, hence the name tagout, must be placed on or near the locking device to indicate the source of energy as well as who is working on the machine at the time.
These devices are what serve as both a physical barrier and visual reminder for preventing other people from inadvertently energizing a machine. They can be used for a number of different types of applications regarding energy release. Those include:
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3. In a lockout, an energy isolating device is locked in a safe or off position.
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4. When should you lock out a machine?
ALWAYS lockout/tagout a machine that is being serviced or tested to prevent injury to yourself and others.
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5. Locks are the only approved means for locking out a machine.
Locks, chains, wedges, key blocks, adapter pins, self-locking fasteners, or other hardware can be used to isolate, secure or block machines or equipment from energy sources.
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6. Lockout devices should be standardized within the facility by using the same:
OSHA standard 1910.147(c)(5)(ii)(B) says, "Lockout and tagout devices shall be standardized within the facility in at least one of the following criteria: Color; shape; or size; and additionally, in the case of tagout devices, print and format shall be standardized."
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7. Arrange in correct sequence the actions involved in reenergizing machines:
(i) NOTIFY: Notify affected employees that the servicing is completed. (ii) CHECK AREA: Make sure no employee is exposed to the machine. Clear all employees from the area around the machine. (iii) REMOVE LOTO: Remove the lockout/tagout devices. (iv) INSPECT: Clear materials and tools from the machine. (v) RESTORE: Restore equipment in the order indicated by the lockout procedure. (vi) VERIFY: Verify that machine controls are in neutral
Lockout/Tagout Re-Energize Sequence. A Lockout/Tagout re-energizing sequence should include the following six steps: 1. Inspect 2. Check Area 3. Verify Machine 4. Remove LOTO 5. Notify 6. Restore.
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8. The quality of the tagout device is vital in a lockout tagout procedure.
OSHA standard 1910.147(c)(5)(ii)(A)(2) requires that,"tagout devices shall be constructed and printed so that exposure to weather conditions or wet and damp locations will not cause the tag to deteriorate or the message on the tag to become illegible."
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9. A tagout device must ___
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10. Affected employees in a lockout/tagout are those who...
Affected Employee – An employee whose job requires him/her to operate or use a machine or equipment on which servicing or maintenance is being performed under lockout tagout.
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11. Who may remove the lock from the machine?
According to OSHA, Standard No. 1910.147(e)(3), “Each lockout or tagout device shall be removed from each energy isolating device by the employee who applied the device. Exception to paragraph (e)(3): When the authorized employee who applied the lockout or tagout device is not available to remove it, that device may be removed under the direction of the employer, provided that specific procedures and training for such removal have been developed, documented and incorporated into the employer's energy control program.”
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12. Arrange the following steps of the lockout procedure in the correct sequence.
(i) SHUT DOWN: Shut it down equipment using the normal stopping procedure (i.e., close valve, open switch, press it down). (ii) ISOLATION: Isolate the machine or equipment from its energy source. (iii) PREPARATION: Communicate to all affected employees that a machine or equipment requires servicing and must be shut down and locked out. (iv) LOCKOUT/TAGOUT: Lock out the energy isolating device(s) with assigned locks and “Danger!” tags. (v) ISOLATION VERIFICATION: Return operating controls to “off” or “neutral” after verifying that the machine is isolated from its energy source. (vi) STORED ENERGY CHECK: Check that the machine is isolated from all energy sources (including residual energy,) first, by making sure that no employee is exposed to it, then by trying normal operating procedure to see if the machine is working.
Lockout/Tagout. A Lockout/Tagout procedure or method should include the following six steps: 1. Preparation 2. Shutdown 3. Isolation 4. Lockout/Tagout 5. Stored energy check 6. Isolation verification.
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13. A tagout device must be labeled to identify employees authorized to apply and remove it.
Lockout and tagout devices (locks and tags) must identify the name of the worker applying the device. All energy sources to equipment must be identified and isolated. After the energy is isolated from the machine or equipment, the isolating device (s) must be locked out or tagged out in safe or off position only by the authorized employees.
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14. When you cannot lockout the energy isolating device of a machine, you must still attach the tagout device to it, and complete the tagout procedures.
The appropriate lockout/tagout devices are applied to the equipment by each authorized employee working on the equipment or process. The authorized employee(s) must use lockout devices, unless the hazardous energy source cannot be locked out and the supervisor shows that tagout devices alone will provide the same level of protection. In this case, attach the tag at the same location that a lock device would have been attached. Where feasible, supplement each tag with additional safety measures, such as isolating circuit elements, blocking control switches, opening extra disconnect devices, or opening or closing a valve handle.
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15. In case the servicing and/or maintenance is performed by a group of employees, who is responsible for executing the tagout/lockout procedure?
In the Lockout/Tagout Procedure, if more than one individual is required to lock out equipment, each shall place his or her own personal lockout device or tagout device on the energy-isolating device (s). When an energy-isolating device cannot accept multiple locks or tags, a hasp or lockbox may be used.
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16. Both lockout and tagout devices are required when isolating equipment.
The purpose of both locks and tags is to ensure equipment isn't reenergized before it's safe. Locks and tags are usually applied at breakers or electrical disconnects, traditional plugs, and battery backups because electrical lockout/tagout is the most common. However, any source of power will need a lockout device.
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17. Turning off the power switch removes all energy from powered equipment.
Equipment may have stored energy (also residual or potential energy) that resides or remains in the power supply system. When stored energy is released in an uncontrolled manner, individuals may be crushed or struck by objects, moving machinery, equipment or other items. Stored energy can be mechanical, gravitations, hydraulic, or pneumatic. Common examples are: Capacitors, springs, elevated components, rotating flywheels, hydraulic lift systems, air, gas, steam, water pressure, etc.
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18. Lockout/Tagout is necessary whenever you are performing service or maintenance around any machine where you could be injured by:
Lockout/Tagout is required when the unexpected energization or start up (or release of stored energy ) of machines, equipment or prime movers could injure workers during cleaning, repairing, servicing, setting-up, adjusting and un-jamming.
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19. If a worker is not present to remove his own lock, any co-worker can remove it as long as he first makes sure it its safe?
ONLY the employer of the authorized employee may remove a lockout device as long as a documented procedure is followed. This procedure, at a minimum, must include: (1) verification by the employer that the [authorized] employee [who applied the device] is not on site; (2) [all] reasonable efforts to contact the authorized employee to inform him or her that the lock has been removed; and (3) the employee is definitely informed of the removal of the lock upon his or her return to work.
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20. Before removing the lock you must do which of the following?
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21. Once you have isolated a system from its main power source, you can be sure no energy will reach the equipment.
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22. LOTO device must be labeled to identify the specific employees authorized to apply & remove them.
Tagout devices must be labeled to identify the specific employees who are authorized to apply and remove them. The label must contain the name, date and contact information for the person performing the lockout/tagout.
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23. Before removing lockout/tagout devices, you must make sure the danger area is clear of tools and workers.
5 Steps to release/removal of Lockout and Tagout:
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24. "Lockout" means "the placement of a tagout device on an energy-isolating device to indicate that the device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed".
Lockout. The placement of a lockout device on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an established procedure, ensuring that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled cannot be operated until the lockout device is removed.
Lockout device. A device that utilizes a positive means such as a lock, either key or combination type, to hold an energy isolating device in the safe position and prevent the energizing of a machine or equipment. Included are blank flanges and bolted slip blinds.
Tagout. The placement of a tagout device on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an established procedure, to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed.
Tagout device. A prominent warning device, such as a tag and a means of attachment, which can be securely fastened to an energy isolating device in accordance with an established procedure, to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed.
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25. The employees that need LO/TO Training are?
The following employees require training: 1. Authorized employees must receive training on the recognition of applicable hazardous energy sources, the type and magnitude of the energy available in the workplace, and the methods and means necessary for energy isolation and control. 2. Affected employees must receive training on the purpose and use of the energy control procedure. 3. Other employees (those whose work activities are or may be in an area where energy control procedures may be utilized) must be instructed about the procedure and about the prohibition relating to attempts to restart or reenergize machines or equipment that are locked out or tagged out.
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26. A Lockout Device is a device that positively prevents a machine from being:
Lock-out device is a locking device that provides a means for rendering a switch, valve, or any energy source inoperable. The device may be a padlock, chain, or any device that positively prevents a machine or piece of equipment from becoming "energized" or from releasing stored energy.
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